Jesus Christ and women
28 – 30 AD
Jesus did not tackle male dominance directly. But in his dealings with women he showed that he treated them on an equal footing. And he established a new priesthood that includes a radical openness to women. Women were present at the Last Supper.
The following texts explain this more fully:
Read: Jesus from an Ecofeminist Perspective, by Ivonne Gebara.
- chose twelve apostles
- adapted to male dominance as a social fact of his time
- was truly human
- grew in wisdom
- did not know everything
- left decisions to the later Church
- was open to women
- established a radically new priesthood through baptism in which women had equal part.
On the Last Supper:
- ‘Meals of the Community’, by Suzanne Tunc, from Des Femmes aussi Suivant Jésus, Paris 1998, pp 69-77
- ‘Bible, liturgy concur: women were there’, by Marjorie Reiley Maguire in ‘National Catholic Reporter‘, June 5, 1998
- Do This in Memory of Me by Irene McCormack in ‘Compass Theology Review’ 25 (1991) no 4, pp.33-35
- The Women (and Mary?) at Luke’s Supper by Tony Cassidy CSSR Talk given to the Ecumenical Society of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Canterbury, 29th October 2000
- Priesthood and Jesus’ Jewish Inspiration by Aaron Milavec (some extracts from “Salvation Is from the Jews” (John 4:22): Saving Grace in Judaism and Messianic Hope in Christianity, Liturgical Press, July 2007.
- “What did Jesus Really Say About ‘Women Priests?’ “ by Michael Hewitt-Gleeson
- The Word in Women’s Worlds:Four Parables by Susan Marie Praeder.
On appointing only men among the twelve apostles:
- ‘The Scriptural Argument in Ordinatio Sacerdotalis’, R. Bieringer, Bijdragen 62 (2001) pp. 129 – 142;
- ‘The twelve apostles were men – -’, I. Raming, Orientierung 56 (1992) pp.143-146.
- ‘Did Christ conform to social myth?’, J. Wijngaards, DCROWP 1986, pp. 36-46.
- ‘The Ministry of Women according to the New Testament’, E. M. Tetlow WMNT 1980, ch. 3.
- ‘The Role of Women According to Jesus and the Early Church’, R. J. Karris, WPFD 1978, pp.47-57.
- ‘The Biblical Evidence’, Ch. Evans, YWP 1978, pp. 16-29.
- Biblical Commission Report, ‘Can Women Be Priests?’
- ‘The Twelve’, E. Schüssler Fiorenza, WP 1977, pp. 114-121.
- ‘Did Jesus Exclude Women from Priesthood?’, S. M. Schneiders, WP 1977, pp.227-233.
- ‘Pro and Con: The Ordination of Women in the New Testament’, R. H. Fuller, TNTO 1976, pp. 1-11.
- ‘Christ, Revelation, and the Ordination of Women’, A. A. Vogel, TNTO 1976, pp. 42-51.
- ‘The Authority of Scripture’, P.Lakeland, CWBP 1975, pp. 31-46.
- ‘Women and Ministry’, E. Carroll, Theological Studies 36 (1975) pp. 660 – 687.
- ‘Holy Scripture’, H. van der Meer, WPCC 1973, pp. 10-45.